For example, when your program selects a column value into a character variable, if the value is longer than the declared length of the variable, PL/SQL aborts the assignment and raises If the exception handler is in an anonymous block, then control transfers to the host environment (for example, SQL*Plus) If an exception is raised in a block that has no exception A SQL statement cannot invoke SQLCODE or SQLERRM. So, you need not declare them yourself.
Finally, catch the exception and link the exception to a user-defined error number in RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR. ROWTYPE_MISMATCH 06504 -6504 It is raised when a cursor fetches value in a variable having incompatible data type. The optional OTHERS handler catches all exceptions that the block does not name specifically. Outside an exception handler, you must specify the exception name.
These statements complete execution of the block or subprogram; control does not return to where the exception was raised. The other internal exceptions can be given names. Using Exception Handling we can test the code and avoid it from exiting abruptly. The number that SQLCODE returns is negative unless the Oracle error is no data found, in which case SQLCODE returns +100.
The outer block handles the exception with an OTHERS exception handler. Also, it can use the pragma EXCEPTION_INIT to map specific error numbers returned by raise_application_error to exceptions of its own, as the following Pro*C example shows: EXEC SQL EXECUTE /* Execute Place the statement in its own sub-block with its own exception handlers. User Defined Exception In Pl Sql You can write handlers for predefined exceptions using the names in the following list: Exception Oracle Error SQLCODE Value ACCESS_INTO_NULL ORA-06530 -6530 CASE_NOT_FOUND ORA-06592 -6592 COLLECTION_IS_NULL ORA-06531 -6531 CURSOR_ALREADY_OPEN ORA-06511 -6511
After the exception handler runs, control transfers to the host environment. Pl Sql Exception When Others IF ... Using the DBMS_WARNING Package If you are writing a development environment that compiles PL/SQL subprograms, you can control PL/SQL warning messages by calling subprograms in the DBMS_WARNING package. https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E11882_01/appdev.112/e25519/errors.htm So, your program cannot open that cursor inside the loop.
If you neglect to code a check, the error goes undetected and is likely to cause other, seemingly unrelated errors. Exception No Data Found Oracle The WHEN OTHERS clause is used to trap all remaining exceptions that have not been handled by your Named System Exceptions and Named Programmer-Defined Exceptions. Example 11-12 Raising User-Defined Exception with RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR CREATE PROCEDURE account_status ( due_date DATE, today DATE ) AUTHID DEFINER IS BEGIN IF due_date < today THEN -- explicitly raise exception RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR(-20000, 'Account When the i_is_one exception handler raises ZERO_DIVIDE, the exception propagates immediately to the invoker (therefore, the ZERO_DIVIDE exception handler does not handle it).
Raising Exceptions with the RAISE Statement PL/SQL blocks and subprograms should raise an exception only when an error makes it undesirable or impossible to finish processing. Though they share the same name, the two past_due exceptions are different, just as the two acct_num variables share the same name but are different variables. Pl Sql Exception Handling Best Practices If no handler is found, PL/SQL returns an unhandled exception error to the host environment. Pl Sql Continue After Exception User-defined exceptions must be raised explicitly by RAISE statements, which can also raise predefined exceptions.
select dbms_warning.get_warning_setting_string() from dual; -- When we recompile the procedure, we will see a warning about the dead code. Retrying a Transaction After an exception is raised, rather than abandon your transaction, you might want to retry it. That is, the exception reproduces itself in successive enclosing blocks until a handler is found or there are no more blocks to search. From there on, the exception propagates normally. Exception Handling In Oracle Interview Questions
Error: 1/0 is undefined Unhandled Exceptions If there is no handler for a raised exception, PL/SQL returns an unhandled exception error to the invoker or host environment, which determines the outcome. You can have any number of exception handlers, and each handler can associate a list of exceptions with a sequence of statements. That way, an exception handler written for the predefined exception can process other errors, as the following example shows: DECLARE acct_type INTEGER := 7; BEGIN IF acct_type NOT IN (1, 2, END; Omitting the exception name in a RAISE statement--allowed only in an exception handler--reraises the current exception.
Declaring PL/SQL Exceptions Exceptions can be declared only in the declarative part of a PL/SQL block, subprogram, or package. Functions For Error Trapping Are Contained In Which Section Of A Pl/sql Block ORA-01001 NO_DATA_FOUND When a SELECT...INTO clause does not return any row from a table. A PL/SQL block cannot catch an exception raised by a remote subprogram.
Unhandled exceptions can also affect subprograms. Note: Unreachable code could represent a mistake or be intentionally hidden by a debug flag. After the exception handler runs, control transfers to the next statement of the outer block. Oracle Cursor Exception Handling Within A Loop Scope Rules for PL/SQL Exceptions You cannot declare an exception twice in the same block.
If no exception has been raised, SQLCODE returns zero and SQLERRM returns the message: ORA-0000: normal, successful completion. If the optional third parameter is TRUE, the error is placed on the stack of previous errors. To handle raised exceptions, you write separate routines called exception handlers. You can also perform a sequence of DML operations where some might fail, and process the exceptions only after the entire operation is complete, as described in "Handling FORALL Exceptions with
Copyright © 2003-2016 TechOnTheNet.com. You cannot use SQLCODE or SQLERRM directly in a SQL statement. To handle raised exceptions, you write separate routines called exception handlers. SUBSCRIPT_OUTSIDE_LIMIT Your program references a nested table or varray element using an index number (-1 for example) that is outside the legal range.
However, other user-defined exceptions must be raised explicitly by RAISE statements. NOT_LOGGED_ON 01012 -1012 It is raised when a database call is issued without being connected to the database. SYS_INVALID_ROWID The conversion of a character string into a universal rowid fails because the character string does not represent a valid rowid. TIMEOUT_ON_RESOURCE A time-out occurs while Oracle is Raise the user-defined exception based on a specific business rule in the execution section. 3.
Otherwise, DECODE returns the price-to-earnings ratio. go
SUBSCRIPT_BEYOND_COUNT Your program references a nested table or varray element using an index number larger than the number of elements in the collection. You declare an exception by introducing its name, followed by the keyword EXCEPTION. Exceptions can be internally defined (by the runtime system) or user defined.